By Amrit Rai
This linguistic research investigates the starting place of the language Hindi/Hindavi and the advanced factors which resulted in its department into separate tongues - smooth Hindi and smooth Urdu.
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Extra resources for A house divided : the origin and development of Hindi/Hindavi
Ironically, it also deepened my sense of guilt as I converted the family discord surrounding the sister’s transnational marriage into “data” for my research. Having gained their acceptance, I was graciously allowed to stay with them for a full three months. During this time, aside from intimate glimpses into the social life of Hyejin’s family and their extended circle of friends and relatives, I also took the opportunity while living in the provincial capital to examine local media sources, particularly back issues of the 24 Making and Faking Kinship Korean-language Hu˘knyonggang sinmun (hereafter, Heilongjiang News), which were useful in understanding the public discourse and debate surrounding Choso˘njok-Korean marriages and, more broadly, the large-scale exodus of Choso˘njok migrants to South Korea.
Plummeting marriage rates and surging divorce rates nationwide3 3. One third of all marriages ended in divorce in 1997, while one in two marriages ended in divorce in 2002 (Uhn 2005, 19). Choso˘ njok Maidens and Farmer Bachelors 37 have done little to lessen the expectation that marriage is obligatory. Those who cannot marry for reasons beyond their control are viewed as worthy of pity, while those who opt not to marry are treated with suspicion. I witnessed the daily angst of the unmarried, forty-year-old librarian who shared her apartment with me in Seoul.
While circuitous patterns of migration such as Rouse describes sometimes do occur in the case of Choso˘njok migrants to South Korea, I emphasize a range of transnational family arrangements, some of which lead, intentionally or unintentionally, to the disbanding of relationships to kin and community left behind in China. The stories I recount suggest that stretching ties across borders sometimes leads to the breaking of ties, and the breaking of ties in turn can lead to new transnational family formations.
A house divided : the origin and development of Hindi/Hindavi by Amrit Rai