Anthony Kenny's A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval PDF

By Anthony Kenny

ISBN-10: 019875275X

ISBN-13: 9780198752752

Sir Anthony Kenny right here maintains his attention-grabbing account of the historical past of philosophy, concentrating on the thousand-year-long medieval interval. this can be the second one quantity of a four-book set within which Kenny will spread a magisterial new background of Western philosophy, the 1st significant single-author background of philosophy to seem in decades.

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The online game of chess used to be wildly well known within the heart a while, quite a bit in order that it grew to become a big proposal paradigm for thinkers and writers who applied its vocabulary and imagery for commentaries on conflict, politics, love, and the social order. during this choice of essays, students examine chess texts from quite a few traditions - English, French, German, Latin, Persian, Spanish, Swedish, and Catalan - and argue that wisdom of chess is key to realizing medieval tradition. Such wisdom, despite the fact that, can't depend on the fashionable video game, for today´s principles weren't built until eventually the past due 15th century. purely via familiarity with past incarnations of the sport can one totally relish the complete import of chess to medieval society. The cautious scholarship contained during this quantity offers not just perception into the importance of chess in medieval eu tradition but additionally opens up avenues of inquiry for destiny paintings during this wealthy field.


Introduction: "Le beau jeu nottable"

Part I: Chess, Morality, and Politics

"Chess in Medieval German Literature: A reflect of Social-Historical and Cultural, non secular, moral, and ethical Conditions" via Albrecht Classen
"Making Chess Politically and Socially correct in instances of difficulty within the Schacktavelslek" through Olle Ferm
"Ludus Scaccarii: video games and Governance in Twelfth-Century England" through Paul Milliman
"Defeating the satan at Chess: A fight among advantage and Vice in Le Jeu des esches de los angeles dame moralise" by means of Kristin Juel

Part II: ladies off and on the Chessboard

"Medieval Chess, Perceval's schooling, and a Dialectic of Misogyny" by way of Jenny Adams
"Images of Medieval Spanish Chess and Captive Damsels in Distress" via Sonja Musser Golladay
"How did the Queen move Mad? " by means of Mark N. Taylor

Part III: taking part in video games with Chess and Allegory

"Playing with reminiscence: The Chessboard as a Mnemonic software in Medieval Didactic Literature" by means of Amandine Mussou
"Changing the principles in and of Medieval Chess Allegories" via Daniel E. O'Sullivan
"The Limits of Allegory in Jacobus de Cessolis' De ludo scaccorum" by means of Dario Del Puppo

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Extra info for A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval Philosophy

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Even in human jurisprudence, Augustine responds, there is no necessary temporal proportion between crime and punishment. A man may be Xogged for hours to punish a brief adulterous kiss; a slave may spend years in prison for a momentary insult to his master (DCD XXI. 11). It is false sentimentality to believe, out of compassion, that the pains of hell will ever have an end. If you are tempted by that thought, you may end up believing, like the heretic Origen, that one day even the Devil will be converted (DCD XXI.

Some of these arguments go back as far as Philoponus, and some of them had a long future ahead of them (PMA 344–50). 36 PHILOSOPHY AND FAITH Avicenna and his Successors The greatest of all Muslim philosophers was Ibn Sina, known in the West as Avicenna (980–1037). He was a Persian, born near Bokhara (in present-day Uzbekistan), who was educated in Arabic and wrote most of his works in that language. He is reputed to have mastered logic, mathematics, physics, and medicine in his teens. He began to practise as a doctor when he was 16.

In this task he drew on Neoplatonic sources and on material taken from the kalam. His most inXuential book was entitled The Book of Doctrines and Beliefs. Human certainties, Saadiah says, arise from three sources: sense, reason, and tradition. Reason is of two kinds: rational intuition, which provides the truths of logic and knowledge of good and evil, and rational inference, which derives truths by argument from the premisses provided by sense and intuition. It is by rational inference that we know that humans possess a soul and that the universe has a cause.

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A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval Philosophy by Anthony Kenny

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