By Owen P. Ward, Ajay Singh (auth.), Dr. Ajay Singh, Dr. Owen P. Ward (eds.)
The construction of an unlimited array of chemical compounds, particularly petroleum compounds over the last century, has triggered a major deterioration in environmental caliber. during this context, one significant danger is posed via the continuously increasing parts of infected soils and sediments.
Biotechnological tools in response to the biodegradation of environmental toxins or phytoremediation of chronic natural contaminants and metals are being constructed. Bioremediation has now been used effectively to remediate many petroleum-contaminated websites. in spite of the fact that, there are as but no advertisement applied sciences normal to remediate the main recalcitrant contaminants, corresponding to explosives, insecticides and metal pollution. however, bioremediation is a swiftly advancing box and new bio-based remedial applied sciences are carrying on with to emerge. For this quantity, a couple of specialists from universities, govt laboratories and undefined, have contributed chapters on leading edge tools in bioremediation and phytoremediation.
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Additional resources for Applied Bioremediation and Phytoremediation
Many refined fuels such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel are often accidentally released during transportation and storage. For example, a fuel oil pipeline might rupture and release large amounts of petroleum product into the surrounding subsurface soil. Similarly, several hundred thousand underground storage tanks, particularly those found at gas stations and military installations, have leaked gasoline and other fuels into the vadose zone and have often contaminated underlying aquifers (Bedient et al.
A number of studies have shown that bioremediation treatment reduces soil toxicity, contaminant leachability, and risk to environmental receptors (Alexander 1995,2000; Linz and Nakles 1997; Loehr and Webster 1997; Chaineau et al. 2003). For example, a reduction in Microtox toxicity as a result of bioremediation treatment has been reported by numerous investigators (Wang and Bartha 1990; Hund and Traunspurger 1994; Loehr and Webster 1996; Salanitro et al. 1997; Symons and Sims 1988; Sayles et al.
In: Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of chemical technology. Supplement to the 4th Edn, Wiley, New York, pp 48-89 Ralebitso TK, Senior E, HW van VerseveId (2002) Microbial aspects of arazine degradation in natural environments. Biodegradation l3: 11-19 Shimao M (2001) Biodegradation of plastics. Curr Opin Biotechnol12:242-247 Singh BK, Kuhad RC, Singh A, LaI R, Tripathi KK (1999) Biochemical and molecular basis of pesticide degradation. Crit Rev BiotechnoI19:197-225 Valls M, Atrian S, deLorenzo V, Fernandez LA (2000) Engineering a mouse metallothionen on the cell surface of Ralstonia eutropha CH34 for immobilization of heavy metals in soil.
Applied Bioremediation and Phytoremediation by Owen P. Ward, Ajay Singh (auth.), Dr. Ajay Singh, Dr. Owen P. Ward (eds.)