By Paul Grice (author), Richard Warner (editor)
Purposes and reasoning have been crucial to the paintings of Paul Grice, probably the most influential and trendy philosophers of the past due 20th century. within the John Locke Lectures that Grice introduced in Oxford on the finish of the Seventies, he set out his primary techniques approximately those themes; elements of cause is the long-awaited e-book of these lectures. They specialise in an research of useful necessity, as Grice contends that sensible prerequisites are demonstrated through derivation; they're priceless simply because they're derivable. This paintings units this declare within the context of an account of purposes and reasoning, permitting Grice to guard his remedy of necessity opposed to visible objections and revealing how the development of particular derivations can play a primary function in explaining and justifying proposal and motion. Grice used to be nonetheless engaged on points of cause over the past years of his lifestyles, and even if unpolished, the e-book presents an intimate glimpse into the workings of his brain and should refresh and light up many parts of up to date philosophy.
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Additional info for Aspects of Reason
P. (H. Paul) Aspects of reason/Paul Grice; with an introduction by Richard Warner. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. Reasoning. I. Title. iv Contents Š Introduction: Grice on Reasons and Rationality Richard Warner vii Š ASPECTS OF REASON 1 Š Proem 3 I. Š Reason and Reasoning 4 II. Š Reason and Reasons 26 III. Š Practical and Alethic Reasons: Part I 67 IV. Š Practical and Alethic Reasons: Part II 90 V. vi Š Introduction Grice on Reasons and Rationality Paul Grice opens Aspects of Reason by observing that more than one philosopher has held the view that vitally important philosophical consequences can be reached by derivation from the idea of a rational being.
In the epistemic case, the answer is that empirical evidence compels belief in the statement that water freezes at 0°; the prohibition on torture, on the other hand, arises (presumably) from the respect we owe persons no matter what they may have done. Š. claims that they are univocal across the practical/alethic divide, or if they are multivocal, then their multivocality appears equally on each side of the barrier" (90). Whether this thesis is true is, it turns out, much less important than the conceptual constructs Grice deploys in its defence.
15 The ability to make reason-preserving transitions may, like any ability, be impaired or unimpaired. Good reasoning consists in an unimpaired exercise of the ability to make reason-preserving transitions; reasoning—good or bad—is an exercise that is not too impaired. Š. to explain what reasoning is (and maybe what the term 'reasoning' means), it is necessary in the first instance to specify what good reasoning 15 I once proposed this to Grice as his view. He agreed, although, as explained in the text, we differed on how to characterize the ability in question.
Aspects of Reason by Paul Grice (author), Richard Warner (editor)