By V. David Hopkin (auth.), John A. Wise, V. David Hopkin, Marvin L. Smith (eds.)
In fresh years, raises within the quantity and alterations within the distribution of air site visitors were very dramatic and are carrying on with. the necessity for alterations within the present air site visitors platforms is both transparent. whereas automation is usually accredited as a style of enhancing procedure security and function, excessive degrees of automation in complicated human-machine platforms could have a adverse impact on overall method functionality and feature been pointed out as contributing elements in lots of injuries and screw ups. these answerable for designing the complex air site visitors keep watch over structures to be applied in the course of the alliance through the subsequent decade must be conscious of contemporary growth in regards to the most efficient software of automation and synthetic intelligence in human-computer platforms. This quantity supplies the court cases of the NATO complex learn Institute held in Maratea, Italy, June 18-29, 1990, at which those concerns have been discussed.
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Additional resources for Automation and Systems Issues in Air Traffic Control
The resulting "ops concepts" are rigorous, systematic, and detailed descriptions of the controllers' job in each of the AAS segments (Ammerman, Fairhusrt, Hostetler, & Jones, 1988). In an hierarchical manner, air traffic activities are traced through sub-activities, tasks, and task elements. The ops concepts describe the criticality and frequency of all tasks, and include cognitive and sensory attributes for highly critical tasks; in addition, they describe all inputs and outputs necessary for the controller to perform each task.
This has been debated since the earliest stages of automation because all the arguments do not support one point of view or the other. It must be absolutely clear where the responsibility lies. Air traffic control is not a context where it is safe to wait indefinitely until uncertainty about the locus of responsibility for an action has been resolved. But reliance on the human may mean dependence on fallible human memory that needs to be supported by forms of automation initiated by the machine that can serve as reminders, whereas reliance on the machine may mean that the procedures which can be adopted in an emergency are excessively rigid and provision has to be made for human initiative to be able to override at least some of them.
New Zealand is a current example. These attempts deserve to be watched to see how they well they fare relative to government-based systems. 2 But why would any airline want to depart at those times when large amounts of fuel will be wasted in taxiing and holding patterns, especially when fuel is such a large part of the operating budget? One can also argue that the cause of congestion is really the airline consumer. As each airline tries to maximize its market share of passengers, they study the desires of their customers to determine the times at which customers want to fly.
Automation and Systems Issues in Air Traffic Control by V. David Hopkin (auth.), John A. Wise, V. David Hopkin, Marvin L. Smith (eds.)