By William F. Herrnkind (auth.), Howard E. Winn, Bori L. Olla (eds.)
What were introduced jointly in those volumes are works characterize ing numerous glossy quantitative stories on a decide on team of marine organisms. many of the species studied the following signify uncomplicated organic ex perimental subjects-in a few circumstances, marine types of the white rat and pigeon-that are getting used for quite a lot of reviews. different species studied have been nearly unknown as experimental animals. The authors have studied their animals in substantial intensity, frequently in either the sphere and the laboratory. it truly is this move reference among actual lifestyles and the factitious yet managed stipulations of the laboratory which provides us the mandatory knowing, and finally the capability, for bettering our swiftly deteriorating atmosphere, a needs to for man's survival, upkeep, and development of the standard of residing criteria. an instantaneous outgrowth of a AAAS symposium entitled "Recent Advances within the habit of Marine Organisms" held in December 1966, those vol umes comprise an affordable stability among assessment and unique unpublished examine. Of the various people who've made those volumes attainable, we want to specifically thank Nancy Fish, Lois Winn, Mabel Trafford, and Deborah Brennan. The latter comprehensive lots of the ultimate editorial paintings. The body of workers of Plenum Press have been cooperative in all facets of our rela tionship. in simple terms the 2 editors are liable for defects within the volumes. We think the papers provided are major and may be of value to participants of the medical community.
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Extra info for Behavior of Marine Animals: Current Perspectives in Research Volume 1: Invertebrates
GENERAL DISCUSSION Studies on numerous shore-living arthropods, as summarized in Table III, demonstrate the ubiquity and adaptive significance of orientational mechanisms by which these forms maintain themselves within suitable life zones, accomplish feeding migrations, and direct escape responses. , landward or seaward depending on the species and triggering stimuli. Major exceptions to this are the burrow dwellers such as ghost crabs and fiddler crabs, which sometimes preferentially return to their den irrespective of its compass bearing.
This behavioral difference W. F. Herrnkind 28 G_ b ___ _ A'···· A; .... r=03 a: o cu w c. ,.. A= ..... 03 c" 5 20 c' 3 n= 154 c~ 5 n= 69 n; 65 '" 0: W 0. , IX ~/,// h:/\ 10 \. \j SECTOR ... ". ,,// \. MIDPOINTS Fig. 6. Distributions of young, wild sand fiddlers in an evenly illuminated circular test chamber. (a) Under 2 months old (b) 2-5 months old; (c) 5-8 months old. 38 c = 20 11,257 G - A= 21· r =66 c; 9 n=215 b - 30 0: W ZO 20 w 10 10 0. >- z w U 0: J 0. 34 Fig. 7. Distributions of immature sand fiddlers in the presence of a simulated landmark consisting of a black screen (strip above graph) covering 45° of arc against a white chamber wall.
T- 60 Z w 40 w n. 2 u a: B w N SECTOR E MIDPOINTS 5 w 24 W. F. Herrnkind cues but may also control directional components of cyclic activities. Further studies are needed to determine the validity of this hypothesis. 4. Role of Experience Preferred escape bearings may vary during a crab's lifetime. For example, individuals and groups of crabs are known to migrate along the beach (Altevogt, 1957) to places where the compass bearing of the shoreline may be different from that of the previously occupied area.
Behavior of Marine Animals: Current Perspectives in Research Volume 1: Invertebrates by William F. Herrnkind (auth.), Howard E. Winn, Bori L. Olla (eds.)