New PDF release: Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection

By Leslie A. Real (auth.), Roger N. Hughes (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642751180

ISBN-13: 9783642751189

ISBN-10: 3642751202

ISBN-13: 9783642751202

Behavioural Mechanisms of meals Selection examines animals belonging to different trophic teams, from carnivores, herbivores, micro-algal grazers, to filter-feeders and detritus-feeders. long ago optimum Foraging thought has been utilized to a majority of these teams, yet in several methods and in disci plines that hardly overlap. the following ideas and advancements hitherto scattered within the literature are drawn jointly. This uniquely huge synthesis captures the cutting-edge within the research of nutrition choice and prescribes new ambitions in theoretical improvement and research.

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The final section discusses the issue of simple versus complex models. Rate Maximization Schoener (1971) made it clear that the basis of optimal foraging theory (OFT) was the relationship between food and fitness. Unfortunately, this general principle has tended to be ignored in favour of various simple slogans. One is that OFT requires that animals maximize their mean net rate of energetic gain while foraging. I will refer to this as rate maximizing. Within the context of rate maximizing, two paradigms have exerted an unhealthy fascination on empiricists.

Canad Entomol 91:293-320. Hollis KL (1989) In search of a hypothetical construct: a reply to Guilford and Dawkins. Anim Behav 37:162-163. Houston AI, McNamara JM (1984) Imperfectly optimal animals. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 15:61-64. Houston AI, McNamara JM (1985) A general theory of central place foraging for singleprey loaders. Theor Pop BioI 28:233-262. Iwasa Y, Higashi M, Yamamura N (1981) Prey distribution as a factor determining the choice of optimal foraging strategy. Am Nat 117:710-723. Janetos AC (1980) Strategies of female choice: a theoretical analysis.

In: Shorrocks B, Swingland I (eds) Living in a patchy environment McNamara JM, Mace RH, Houston AI (1987) Optimal daily routines of singing and foraging in a bird singing to attract a mate. Behav Ecol Sociobio120:399-405 Morse DH (1979) Prey capture by the crab spider Misumena ca/ycina (Araneae: Thomisidae) Oecologia 39:309-319 Morse DH (1981) Prey capture by the crab spider Misumena vatia (L) (Thomisidae) on three common native flowers. Am MidI Nat 105:358-367 Orians GH, Pearson NE (1979) On the theory of central place foraging.

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Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection by Leslie A. Real (auth.), Roger N. Hughes (eds.)

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